Reduction in Health Risks
Removing wastewater from the community through complete treatment is the very best way to mitigate the likelihood of exposure to the risks of waste borne pathogens, chemicals and pharmaceuticals. Beyond the community waste transmitted diseases, some of which can be very serious and communicable, concerns for exposure to pharmaceutical and hygiene products are becoming more widespread. Exposure can be through direct contact from failed systems pooling water on the ground and from pets or insects. Drinking well water from a well that is short circuiting with a nearby septic system can be just as risky. While some illnesses can be immediate, other issues related to human waste uptake through well water exposed to septic system discharges can take many years to manifest.
Residents will likely not detect drinking water issues by taste or smell. Each homeowner should take steps to test for contaminants on their own. This is recommended for all who depend upon groundwater for their household consumption.
Introducing new community waste water systems stems the degradation.
The concern for accelerated eutrophication of lakes is real and is called “cultural eutrophication”. This can take the form of agricultural runoff, residential development and recreational use. All have the ability to collectively hasten the natural degradation process of lakes. The broad cause of this is related to nutrients providing for plant life propagation that then leads to continuous buildup of sedimentation through the cycle of growth, death and decay. This includes algal populations, rooted plants and vascular floating species.
Nutrients in human wastes that find their way to the aquifer are known to migrate to surface water due to the immediate influence of the open water body. Concentrations are affected by the topography and geology of the adjoining land. Testing for a direct connection can be done using dye applied to the septic system or through testing concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus at unnatural levels. These nutrients are the principal building blocks for successful plant life.
In the Tippecanoe Lake community an estimated 320,000 gallons of waste water is discharged daily to the soil in relative close proximity to drinking water wells and the lakes. Over the course of one year this would be equivalent to nearly 117,000,000 (117 million) gallons of waste water.